Thursday, April 15, 2010

Onion pattern - "cibulák"

In the article about Český Porcelán Dubí I presented you one of the thimbles with characteristic "onion pattern". Today I will tell you shortly about a history and a look of a decoration called "cibulák".

From the very beginning, this characteristic, blue ornament against white porcelain background has been called "onion pattern" ("cibulák"). This style origins from South Asia where similar decorations were made for the first time. And than it has been adapted to European conditions.

The "onion pattern" has been named like that because of a wrong interpretation of a one of ornament's elements - a fruit of pomegranate - which is similar in its shape to onion. "Onion pattern" porcelain is manufactured by Český Porcelán. "Cibulák" has a characteristic motives' arrangement in the whole pattern which I will show you below.

On the right side of the central motive it is put a chrysanthemum flower similar to its Asian prototype - lotus flower. From its root a branch with a big, open flower and a little bud is sprouting. According to Asian tradition this flower is a symbol of time.

On the left side a thin, bamboo brach twisted around by a blossoming creeper (similar to liana or bindweed) is placed. It is a symbol of unity. Unequivocal, botanical identyfication of this species is impossible.

A cental part of the main motive is a double-serrated leaf. This part of ornament with a flower above is called "peony bush" which is a symbol of well-being, loftiness and growth.

A framing between central ornament - called "Schakiako" - and fruits on the edge of a plate is localized in a groove of a product. The flower of lotus divides a creeper into four parts.

On the edge, the first of "blessed fruits" is placed. The shape of a fruit and its joint with three branches is - according to Chinese patterns - clearly similar to a peach. This part of the ornament is a sign of immortality or - at least - long life.

A second "blessed fruit" is also situated on the edge. This fruit is richly decorated, rather stylized pomegranate. It is a motive well known as a decorative detail in ceramics.

Writing this article I used information and pictures found at Český porcelán Dubí web site.

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